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Modeling the quiet Sun cell and network emission with ALMA View all abstracts by submitter

Costas Alissandrakis   Submitted: 2020-06-25 10:31

ALMA observations of the Sun at mm-lambda offer a unique opportunity to investigate the temperature structure of the solar chromosphere. In this article we expand our previous work on modeling the chromospheric temperature of the quiet Sun, by including measurements of the brightness temperature in the network and cell interiors, from high resolution ALMA images at 3 mm (Band 3) and 1.26 mm (Band 6). We also examine the absolute calibration of ALMA full-disk images. We suggest that the brightness temperature at the center of the solar disk in Band 6 is ~440 K above the value recommended by White et al. (2017) and we give improved results for the electron temperature variation of the average quiet Sun with optical depth, as well as the derived spectrum at the center of the disk. We found that the electron temperature in the network is considerably lower than predicted by model F of Fontenla et al. (1993) and that of the cell interior considerably higher than predicted by model A. Depending upon the network/cell segregation scheme, the electron temperature difference between network and cell at tau=1 (100 GHz) is from ~660 to ~1550 K, compared to ~3280 K predicted by the models; similarly, the Te ratio is from ~1.10, to 1.24, against 1.55 of the model prediction. We also found that the network/cell Te(τ) curves diverge as τ decreases, indicating an increase of contrast with height and possibly a steeper temperature rise in the network than in the cell interior.

Authors: C. E. Alissandrakis, A. Nindos, T. S. Bastian, S. Patsourakos
Projects: ALMA

Publication Status: Accepted, Astronomy & Astrophysics
Last Modified: 2020-06-27 20:59
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