E-Print Archive

There are 4282 abstracts currently viewable.


Advanced Search
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
* News 04/04/20 * The archive is using a new backend database. This has thrown up a few SQL errors in the last few days. If you have any issues please email adavey@nso.edu with either the number of eprint you are trying to edit or a link to your preprint.

3D propagation of relativistic solar protons through interplanetary space View all abstracts by submitter

Silvia Dalla   Submitted: 2020-08-03 07:34

Context. Solar energetic particles (SEPs) with energy in the GeV range can propagate to Earth from their acceleration region near the Sun and produce ground level enhancements (GLEs). The traditional approach to interpreting and modelling GLE observations assumes particle propagation which is only parallel to the magnetic field lines of interplanetary space, that is, spatially 1D propagation. Recent measurements by PAMELA have characterised SEP properties at 1 AU for the ∼100 MeV–1 GeV range at high spectral resolution. Aims. We model the transport of GLE-energy solar protons using a 3D approach to assess the effect of the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) and drifts associated to the gradient and curvature of the Parker spiral. We derive 1 AU observables and compare the simulation results with data from PAMELA. Methods. We use a 3D test particle model including a HCS. Monoenergetic populations are studied first to obtain a qualitative picture of propagation patterns and numbers of crossings of the 1 AU sphere. Simulations for power law injection are used to derive intensity profiles and fluence spectra at 1 AU. A simulation for a specific event, GLE 71, is used for comparison purposes with PAMELA data. Results. Spatial patterns of 1 AU crossings and the average number of crossings per particle are strongly influenced by 3D effects, with significant differences between periods of A+ and A- polarities. The decay time constant of 1 AU intensity profiles varies depending on the position of the observer and it is not a simple function of the mean free path as in 1D models. Energy dependent leakage from the injection flux tube is particularly important for GLE energy particles, resulting in a rollover in the spectrum.

Authors: S. Dalla, G. De Nolfo, A. Bruno, J. Giacalone, T. Laitinen, S. Thomas, M. Battarbee, M.S. Marsh
Projects: None

Publication Status: Accepted by A&A
Last Modified: 2020-08-03 19:21
Go to main E-Print page  Additivity of relative magnetic helicity in finite volumes  Heating Rates for Protons and Electrons in Polar Coronal Holes: Empirical Constraints from the Ultraviolet Coronagraph Spectrometer  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
Propagation Effects in Quiet Sun Observations at Meter Wavelengths
Twin Null-Point-Associated Major Eruptive Three-Ribbon Flares with Unusual Microwave Spectra
Trajectory Determination for Coronal Ejecta Observed by WISPR/Parker Solar Probe
Recurring Homologous Solar Eruptions in NOAA AR 11429
Resonant absorption: transformation of compressive motions into vortical motion
The depth and the vertical extent of the energy deposition layer in a medium-class solar flare
Helicity proxies from linear polarisation of solar active regions
The Submillimeter Active Region Excess Brightness Temperature during Solar Cycles 23 and 24
Nanoflare Diagnostics from Magnetohydrodynamic Heating Profiles
The Solar Orbiter mission - Science Overview
Time Series Analysis of Photospheric Magnetic Parameters of Flare-quiet versus Flaring Active Regions: Scaling Properties of Fluctuations
Image Quality Assessment for Full-Disk Solar Observations with Generative Adversarial Networks
Identifying and Tracking Solar Magnetic Flux Elements with Deep Learning
Active Region Irradiance During Quiescent Periods: New Insights from Sun-as-a-star Spectra
Probing solar flare accelerated electron distributions with prospective X-ray polarimetry missions
Accelerating and Supersonic Density Fluctuations in Coronal Hole Plumes: Signature of Nascent Solar Winds
Sequential Lid Removal in a Triple-Decker Chain of CME-Producing Solar Eruptions
RESIK and RHESSI observations of the 20 September 2002 flare
Starspot mapping with adaptive parallel tempering I: Implementation of computational code
Heating and Eruption of a Solar Circular Ribbon Flare

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey

© 2000-2020 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University