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The Submillimeter Active Region Excess Brightness Temperature during Solar Cycles 23 and 24 View all abstracts by submitter

Guillermo Giménez de Castro   Submitted: 2020-09-08 19:51

We report the temporal evolution of the excess brightness temperature above solar active regions (ARs) observed with the Solar Submillimeter Telescope (SST) at 212 and 405 GHz during Cycles 23 and 24. Comparison with the sunspot number (SSN) yields a Pearson's correlation coefficient R=0.88 and 0.74 for 212 and 405 GHz, respectively. Moreover, when only Cycle 24 is taken into account the correlation coefficients go to 0.93 and 0.81 for each frequency. We derive the spectral index α between SST frequencies and found a slight anti-correlation with the SSN (R = -0.25); however, since the amplitude of the variation is lower than the standard deviation we cannot draw a definite conclusion. Indeed, α remains almost constant within the uncertainties with a median value of ~ 0 characteristic of an optically thick thermal source. Since the origin of the AR submillimeter radiation is thermal continuum produced at chromospheric heights, the strong correlation between the excess brightness temperature and the magnetic cycle evolution could be related to the available free magnetic energy to be released in reconnection events.

Authors: C. G. Giménez de Castro, A. L. Garcia Pereira, J.F. Valle Silva, C. L. Selhorst, C.H. Mandrini, G. D. Cristiani, J.-P. Raulin, A. Valio
Projects: None

Publication Status: Accepted to be published in The Astrophysical Journal
Last Modified: 2020-09-09 13:03
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