E-Print Archive

There are 4282 abstracts currently viewable.


Search:

Advanced Search
Options
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
Information
Feedback
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Notification
* News 04/04/20 * The archive is using a new backend database. This has thrown up a few SQL errors in the last few days. If you have any issues please email adavey@nso.edu with either the number of eprint you are trying to edit or a link to your preprint.

Helicity proxies from linear polarisation of solar active regions View all abstracts by submitter

Axel Brandenburg   Submitted: 2020-09-12 08:56

Abstract: The α effect is believed to play a key role in the generation of the solar magnetic field. A fundamental test for its significance in the solar dynamo is to look for magnetic helicity of opposite signs in the two hemispheres, and at small and large scales. However, measuring magnetic helicity is compromised by the inability to fully infer the magnetic field vector from observations of solar spectra, caused by what is known as the "pi ambiguity" of spectropolarimetric observations. We decompose linear polarisation into parity-even and parity-odd E and B polarisations, which are not affected by the "pi ambiguity". Furthermore, we study whether the correlations of spatial Fourier spectra of B and parity-even quantities such as E or temperature T are a robust proxy for magnetic helicity of solar magnetic fields. We analyse polarisation measurements of active regions observed by the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board the Solar Dynamics observatory. Theory predicts the magnetic helicity of active regions to have, statistically, opposite signs in the two hemispheres. We then compute the parity-odd E B and T B correlations, and test for systematic preference of their sign based on the hemisphere of the active regions. We find that: (i) E B and T B correlations are a reliable proxy for magnetic helicity, when computed from linear polarisation measurements away from spectral line cores, and (ii) E polarisation reverses its sign close to the line core. Our analysis reveals Faraday rotation to not have a significant influence on the computed parity-odd correlations. The EB decomposition of linear polarisation appears to be a good proxy for magnetic helicity independent of the "pi ambiguity". This allows us to routinely infer magnetic helicity directly from polarisation measurements.

Authors: A. Prabhu, A. Brandenburg, M. J. Käpylä, A. Lagg
Projects: None

Publication Status: Astron. Astrophys. 641, A46 (2020)
Last Modified: 2020-09-14 23:53
Go to main E-Print page  The depth and the vertical extent of the energy deposition layer in a medium-class solar flare  The Submillimeter Active Region Excess Brightness Temperature during Solar Cycles 23 and 24  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

Key
Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
Propagation Effects in Quiet Sun Observations at Meter Wavelengths
Twin Null-Point-Associated Major Eruptive Three-Ribbon Flares with Unusual Microwave Spectra
Trajectory Determination for Coronal Ejecta Observed by WISPR/Parker Solar Probe
Recurring Homologous Solar Eruptions in NOAA AR 11429
Resonant absorption: transformation of compressive motions into vortical motion
The depth and the vertical extent of the energy deposition layer in a medium-class solar flare
Helicity proxies from linear polarisation of solar active regions
The Submillimeter Active Region Excess Brightness Temperature during Solar Cycles 23 and 24
Nanoflare Diagnostics from Magnetohydrodynamic Heating Profiles
The Solar Orbiter mission - Science Overview
Time Series Analysis of Photospheric Magnetic Parameters of Flare-quiet versus Flaring Active Regions: Scaling Properties of Fluctuations
Image Quality Assessment for Full-Disk Solar Observations with Generative Adversarial Networks
Identifying and Tracking Solar Magnetic Flux Elements with Deep Learning
Active Region Irradiance During Quiescent Periods: New Insights from Sun-as-a-star Spectra
Probing solar flare accelerated electron distributions with prospective X-ray polarimetry missions
Accelerating and Supersonic Density Fluctuations in Coronal Hole Plumes: Signature of Nascent Solar Winds
Sequential Lid Removal in a Triple-Decker Chain of CME-Producing Solar Eruptions
RESIK and RHESSI observations of the 20 September 2002 flare
Starspot mapping with adaptive parallel tempering I: Implementation of computational code
Heating and Eruption of a Solar Circular Ribbon Flare

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey



© 2000-2020 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University