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Initiation and Early Kinematic Evolution of Solar Eruptions View all abstracts by submitter

Xin Cheng   Submitted: 2020-11-30 23:34

We investigate the initiation and early evolution of 12 solar eruptions, including six active-region hot channel and six quiescent filament eruptions, which were well observed by the Solar Dynamics Observatory, as well as by the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory for the latter. The sample includes one failed eruption and 11 coronal mass ejections, with velocities ranging from 493 to 2140 km s-1. A detailed analysis of the eruption kinematics yields the following main results. (1) The early evolution of all events consists of a slow-rise phase followed by a main-acceleration phase, the height-time profiles of which differ markedly and can be best fit, respectively, by a linear and an exponential function. This indicates that different physical processes dominate in these phases, which is at variance with models that involve a single process. (2) The kinematic evolution of the eruptions tends to be synchronized with the flare light curve in both phases. The synchronization is often but not always close. A delayed onset of the impulsive flare phase is found in the majority of the filament eruptions (five out of six). This delay and its trend to be larger for slower eruptions favor ideal MHD instability models. (3) The average decay index at the onset heights of the main acceleration is close to the threshold of the torus instability for both groups of events (although, it is based on a tentative coronal field model for the hot channels), suggesting that this instability initiates and possibly drives the main acceleration.

Authors: Cheng, X.; Zhang, J.; Kliem, B.; Török, T.; Xing, C.; Zhou, Z. J.; Inhester, B.; Ding, M. D.
Projects: None

Publication Status: The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 894, Issue 2, id.85, 20 pp. (2020)
Last Modified: 2020-12-01 11:30
Go to main E-Print page  Three-dimensional simulations of the inhomogeneous Low Solar Wind  Differential rotation of the chromosphere in the He I absorption line  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

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