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Non-equilibrium Flux Rope Formation by Confined Flares Preceding a Solar Coronal Mass Ejection View all abstracts by submitter

Bernhard Kliem   Submitted: 2021-01-08 08:35

We present evidence that a magnetic flux rope was formed before a coronal mass ejection (CME) and its associated long-duration flare during a pair of preceding confined eruptions and associated impulsive flares in a compound event in NOAA Active Region 12371. Extreme-ultraviolet images and the extrapolated nonlinear force-free field show that the first two, impulsive flares, SOL2015-06-21T01:42, result from the confined eruption of highly sheared low-lying flux, presumably a seed flux rope. The eruption spawns a vertical current sheet, where magnetic reconnection creates flare ribbons and loops, a nonthermal microwave source, and a sigmoidal hot channel which can only be interpreted as a magnetic flux rope. Until the subsequent long-duration flare, SOL2015-06-21T02:36, the sigmoid's elbows expand, while its center remains stationary, suggesting non-equilibrium but not yet instability. The "flare reconnection" during the confined eruptions acts like "tether-cutting reconnection" whose flux feeding of the rope leads to instability. The subsequent full eruption is seen as an accelerated rise of the entire hot channel, seamlessly evolving into the fast halo CME. Both the confined and ejective eruptions are consistent with the onset of the torus instability in the dipped decay index profile which results from the region's two-scale magnetic structure. We suggest that the formation or enhancement of a non-equilibrium but stable flux rope by confined eruptions is a generic process occurring prior to many CMEs.

Authors: Bernhard Kliem, Jeongwoo Lee, Rui Liu, Stephen M. White, Chang Liu, Satoshi Masuda
Projects: GOES X-rays,Nobeyama Radioheliograph,RHESSI,SDO-AIA,SDO-HMI,SoHO-LASCO

Publication Status: accepted by the ApJ
Last Modified: 2021-01-09 15:05
Go to main E-Print page  Challenges and Advances in Modeling of the Solar Atmosphere: A White Paper of Findings and Recommendations  Radio Measurements of the Magnetic Field in the Solar Chromosphere and the Corona  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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