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Relationship between three-dimensional velocity of filament eruptions and CME association View all abstracts by submitter

Daikichi SEKI   Submitted: 2021-02-09 18:52

It is widely recognised that filament disappearances or eruptions are frequently associated with Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs). Since CMEs are a major source of disturbances of the space environment surrounding the Earth, it is important to investigate these associations in detail for the better prediction of CME occurrence. However, the proportion of filament disappearances associated with CMEs is under debate. The estimates range from ∼10% to ∼90% and could be affected by the manners to select the events. In this study, we aim to reveal what parameters control the association between filament eruptions and CMEs. We analysed the relationships between CME associations and the physical parameters of filaments including their length, maximum ascending velocity, and direction of eruptions using 28 events of filament eruptions observed in Hα. We found that the product of the maximum radial velocity and the filament length is well correlated with the CME occurrence. If the product is larger than 8.0106 km2 s-1, the filament will become a CME with a probability of 93%, and if the product is smaller than this value, it will not become a CME with a probability of 100%. We suggest a kinetic-energy threshold above which filament eruptions are associated with CMEs. Our findings also suggest the importance of measuring the velocity vector of filament eruption in three-dimensional space for the better prediction of CME occurrence.

Authors: Daikichi Seki, Kenichi Otsuji, Takako T. Ishii, Ayumi Asai, Kiyoshi Ichimoto
Projects: None

Publication Status: Accepted for publication in Earth, Planets and Space
Last Modified: 2021-02-10 08:19
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