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The Lyα Emission in Solar Flares. I. A Statistical Study on Its Relationship with the 1-8 Å Soft X-Ray Emission View all abstracts by submitter

Ying Li   Submitted: 2021-02-24 19:09

We statistically study the relationship between the Lyα and 1-8 Å soft X-ray (SXR) emissions from 658 M- and X-class solar flares observed by the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite during 2006-2016. Based on the peak times of the two wave band emissions, we divide the flares into three types. Type I (III) has an earlier (a later) peak time in the Lyα emission than that in the SXR emission, while type II has nearly the same peak time (within the time resolution of 10 s) between the Lyα and SXR emissions. In these 658 flares, we find that there are 505 (76.8%) type I flares, 10 (1.5%) type II flares, and 143 (21.7%) type III flares, and that the three types appear to have no dependence on the flare duration, flare location, or solar cycle. Besides the main peak, the Lyα emission of the three type flares also shows sub-peaks which can appear in the impulsive or gradual phase of the flare. It is found that the main-peak (for type I) and subpeak (for type III) emissions of Lyα that appear in the impulsive phase follow the Neupert effect in general. This indicates that such Lyα emissions are related to the nonthermal electron beam heating. While the main-peak (for type III) and subpeak (for type I) emissions of Lyα that appear in the gradual phase are supposed to be primarily contributed by the thermal plasma that cools down.

Authors: Jing, Zhichen; Pan, Wuqi; Yang, Yukun; Song, Dechao; Tian, Jun; Li, Y.; Cheng, X.; Hong, Jie; Ding, M. D.
Projects: GOES/EUVS

Publication Status: published in ApJ
Last Modified: 2021-02-24 20:20
Go to main E-Print page  NuSTAR Observation of Energy Release in 11 Solar Microflares  Radiative hydrodynamic simulations of the spectral characteristics of solar white-light flares  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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