E-Print Archive

There are 4350 abstracts currently viewable.


Search:

Advanced Search
Options
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
Information
Feedback
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Notification
The Evolution of Plasma Composition During a Solar Flare View all abstracts by submitter

Andy S.H. To   Submitted: 2021-03-10 07:08

We analyse the coronal elemental abundances during a small flare using Hinode/EIS observations. Compared to the pre-flare elemental abundances, we observed a strong increase in coronal abundance of Ca XIV 193.84 Å, an emission line with low first ionisation potential (FIP < 10 eV), as quantified by the ratio Ca/Ar during the flare. This is in contrast to the unchanged abundance ratio observed using Si X 258.38 Å/S X 264.23 Å. We propose two different mechanisms to explain the different composition results. Firstly, the small flare-induced heating could have ionised S, but not the noble gas Ar, so that the flare-driven Alfvén waves brought up Si, S and Ca in tandem via the ponderomotive force which acts on ions. Secondly, the location of the flare in strong magnetic fields between two sunspots may suggest fractionation occurred in the low chromosphere, where the background gas is neutral H. In this region, high-FIP S could behave more like a low-FIP than a high-FIP element. The physical interpretations proposed generate new insights into the evolution of plasma abundances in the solar atmosphere during flaring, and suggests that current models must be updated to reflect dynamic rather than just static scenarios.

Authors: Andy S.H. To, David M. Long, Deborah Baker, David H. Brooks, Lidia van Driel-Gesztelyi, J. Martin Laming, Gherardo Valori
Projects: Hinode/EIS,SDO-AIA,SDO-HMI

Publication Status: ApJ (accepted)
Last Modified: 2021-03-10 10:00
Go to main E-Print page  Thermal Trigger for Solar Flares I: Fragmentation of the Preflare Current Layer  Large-amplitude prominence oscillations following the impact by a coronal jet  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

Key
Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
Could switchbacks originate in the lower solar atmosphere? II. Propagation of switchbacks in the solar corona
Solar large-scale magnetic field and cycle patterns in solar dynamo
Three-dimensional magnetic reconnection in astrophysical plasmas
Energy partition in a confined flare with an extreme-ultraviolet late phase
Alfvén wave heating in partially ionized thin threads of solar prominences
He I 10830Å Dimming During Solar Flares, I: The Crucial Role of Non-Thermal Collisional Ionisations
Separating aa-index into Solar and Hale Cycle Related Components Using Principal Component Analysis
Inward Propagating Plasma Parcels in the Solar Corona: Models with Aerodynamic Drag, Ablation, and Snowplow Accretion
Energetics and 3-D Structure of Elementary Events in Solar Coronal Heating
Stellar Superflares Observed Simultaneously with Kepler and XMM-Newton
Medium-term predictions of F10.7 and F30 cm solar radio flux with the adaptive Kalman filter
Resonances in a Coronal Loop Driven by Torsional Alfvén Waves Propagating from the Photosphere
Effects of external flow on resonant absorption of coronal loop kink oscillations driven by an external fast wave: Selective excitation problem
Emerging Dimming as Coronal Heating Episodes
Proxy-Based Prediction of Solar Extreme Ultraviolet Emission using Deep Learning
The source of the major solar energetic particle events from super active region 11944
Critical decay index for eruptions of ‘short’ filaments
Thermal Trigger for Solar Flares I: Fragmentation of the Preflare Current Layer
The Evolution of Plasma Composition During a Solar Flare
Large-amplitude prominence oscillations following the impact by a coronal jet

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey



© 2000-2020 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University