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Magnetic Flux and Magnetic Non-potentiality of Active Regions in Eruptive and Confined Solar Flares View all abstracts by submitter

Ting Li   Submitted: 2021-08-17 00:25

With the aim of understanding how the magnetic properties of active regions (ARs) control the eruptive character of solar flares, we analyze 719 flares of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) class ≥C5.0 during 2010-2019. We carry out the first statistical study that investigates the flare-coronal mass ejections (CMEs) association rate as function of the flare intensity and the AR characteristics that produces the flare, in terms of its total unsigned magnetic flux (ФAR). Our results show that the slope of the flare-CME association rate with flare intensity reveals a steep monotonic decrease with ФAR. This means that flares of the same GOES class but originating from an AR of larger ФAR, are much more likely confined. Based on an AR flux as high as 1.0×1024 Mx for solar-type stars, we estimate that the CME association rate in X100-class ``superflares" is no more than 50%. For a sample of 132 flares ≥M2.0 class, we measure three non-potential parameters including the length of steep gradient polarity inversion line, the total photospheric free magnetic energy and the area with large shear angle. We find that confined flares tend to have larger values of the three non-potential parameters compared to eruptive flares. Each non-potential parameter shows a moderate positive correlation with ФAR. Our results imply that ФAR is a decisive quantity describing the eruptive character of a flare, as it provides a global parameter relating to the strength of the background field confinement.

Authors: Ting Li, Anqin Chen, Yijun Hou, Astrid M. Veronig, Shuhong Yang and Jun Zhang
Projects: SDO-HMI

Publication Status: accepted for publication in ApJL
Last Modified: 2021-08-18 13:08
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