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Disambiguation of Vector Magnetograms by Stereoscopic Observations from the Solar Orbiter/Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager (PHI) and the Solar Dynamic Observatory (SDO)/Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) View all abstracts by submitter

Gherardo Valori   Submitted: 2022-01-03 02:38

Spectropolarimetric reconstructions of the photospheric vector magnetic field are intrinsically limited by the so-called 180∘ ambiguity in the orientation of the transverse component. The successful launch and operation of Solar Orbiter has made the removal of the 180∘ ambiguity possible using solely observations obtained from two different vantage points. While the exploitation of such a possibility is straightforward in principle, it is less so in practice and it is therefore important to assess the accuracy and limitations, as a function of both the satellites orbits and measurement principles. In this work we present a stereoscopic disambiguation method (SDM) and discuss a thorough testing of its accuracy in applications to modeled active regions and quiet Sun observations. In a first series of tests, we employ magnetograms extracted from three different numerical simulations as test fields, and model observations of the magnetograms from different angles and distances. In these more idealized tests, the SDM is proven to to reach a 100% disambiguation accuracy when applied to moderately-to-well resolved fields. Even in the case of disambiguation of quiet Sun magnetograms with significant under-resolved scale, the SDM provides an accuracy between 82% and 98% depending on the field strength. The accuracy of the SDM is found to be mostly sensitive to the variable resolution of Solar Orbiter on its highly elliptic orbit, as well as to the intrinsic scale of the observed field. Finally, as a more realistic test, we consider magnetograms that are obtained using a radiative transfer inversion code and the SOPHISM instrument simulator applied to a 3D simulation of a pore, and present a preliminary discussion of the effect of the viewing angle on the observed field.

Authors: Valori, G.; Löschel, P.; Stansby, D.; Pariat, E.; Hirzberger, J.; Chen, F.
Projects: SO/PHI

Publication Status: Solar Physics (accepted)
Last Modified: 2022-01-05 13:22
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