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Electron acceleration from the interaction of three crossed parallel Alfvén waves View all abstracts by submitter

Khalil Daiffallah   Submitted: 2022-03-07 04:02

We study the non-linear interaction of three parallel Alfvén wave packets (AWP) in an initially uniform plasma using 2.5D particle-in-a-cell (PIC) numerical simulations. We aim to help to explain the observation of suprathermal electrons by multiple Alfvén waves collision in regions where these waves are trapped like IAR (Ionospheric Alfvén Resonator), Earth radiation belts or coronal magnetic loops. In the context of APAWI process that have been described by Mottez (2012, 2015), the interaction of two parallel Alfvén waves (AW) generates longitudinal density modulations and parallel electric field at the APAWI crossing region that can accelerate particles effectively in the direction of the background magnetic field. Our simulations show that when a third parallel AWP of different initial position arrives at the APAWI crossing region, it gives rise to a strong parallel electron beams (V ∼ 5 - 7 VTe) at longitudinal cavity density gradients. We suggest that velocity drift from outgoing AW generates interface waves in the transverse direction, which allows propagating waves to develop parallel electric fields by phase mixing process when the transverse scale of the wavy density gradient (oblique gradient) is in the range of the electron inertial length.

Authors: K.Daiffallah
Projects: None

Publication Status: Published in Journal of Plasma Physics, Volume 88 , Issue 1 , February 2022 , 905880120
Last Modified: 2022-03-07 12:57
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