E-Print Archive

There are 4594 abstracts currently viewable.


Advanced Search
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
On modeling ICME cross-sections as static MHD columns View all abstracts by submitter

Prasad Subramanian   Submitted: 2022-03-16 23:23

Solar coronal mass ejections are well known to expand as they propagate through the heliosphere. Despite this, their cross-sections are usually modeled as static plasma columns within the magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) framework. We test the validity of this approach using in-situ plasma data from 151 magnetic clouds (MCs) observed by the WIND spacecraft and 45 observed by the Helios spacecrafts. We find that the most probable cross-section expansion speeds for the WIND events are only ≈0.06 times the Alfvén speed inside the MCs while the most probable cross-section expansion speeds for the Helios events is ≈0.03. MC cross-sections can thus be considered to be nearly static over an Alfvén crossing timescale. Using estimates of electrical conductivity arising from Coulomb collisions, we find that the Lundquist number inside MCs is high (≈1013), suggesting that the MHD description is well justified. The Joule heating rates using our conductivity estimates are several orders of magnitude lower than the requirement for plasma heating inside MCs near the Earth. While the (low) heating rates we compute are consistent with the MHD description, the discrepancy with the heating requirement points to possible departures from MHD and the need for a better understanding of plasma heating in MCs.

Authors: Debesh Bhattacharjee, Prasad Subramanian, Volker Bothmer, Teresa Nieves-Chinchilla, Angelos Vourlidas
Projects: None

Publication Status: Solar Physics, accepted
Last Modified: 2022-03-20 07:33
Go to main E-Print page  The Fractality and Size Distributions of Astrophysical Self-Organized Criticality Systems  SolO/EUI Observations of Ubiquitous Fine-scale Bright Dots in an Emerging Flux Region: Comparison with a Bifrost MHD Simulation  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
Repeated Type III Burst Groups Associated with a B-Class Flare and a Narrow-Width CME
Separating the effects of earthside and far side solar events. A case study.
Deciphering The Slow-rise Precursor of a Major Coronal Mass Ejection
Three-dimensional Turbulent Reconnection within Solar Flare Current Sheet
Sequential Remote Brightenings and Co-spatial Fast Downflows during Two Successive Flares
A Model for Confined Solar Eruptions Including External Reconnection
The eruption of a magnetic flux rope observed by Solar Orbiter and Parker Solar Probe
Comprehensive radiative MHD simulations of eruptive flares above collisional polarity inversion lines
An Anisotropic Density Turbulence Model from the Sun to 1 au Derived From Radio Observations
Comparison of damping models for kink oscillations of coronal loops
On the three-dimensional relation between the coronal dimming, erupting filament and CME. Case study of the 28 October 2021 X1.0 event
Polarisation of decayless kink oscillations of solar coronal loops
CME Propagation Through the Heliosphere: Status and Future of Observations and Model Development
30-min Decayless Kink Oscillations in a Very Long Bundle of Solar Coronal Plasma Loops
The Role of High-Frequency Transverse Oscillations in Coronal Heating
ARTop: an open-source tool for measuring Active Region Topology at the solar photosphere
Spectral Observations and Modeling of a Solar White-light Flare Observed by CHASE
New cases of super-flares on slowly rotating solar-type stars and large amplitude super-flares in G- and M-type main-sequence stars
Constraints on the variable nature of the slow solar wind with the Wide-Field Imager on board the Parker Solar Probe
Prediction of short stellar activity cycles using derived and established empirical relations between activity and rotation periods

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey

© 2000-2020 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University