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Statistical analysis of circular-ribbon flares View all abstracts by submitter

Qingmin Zhang   Submitted: 2022-03-24 20:49

Circular-ribbon flares (CFs) are a special type of solar flares owing to their particular magnetic topology. In this paper, we conducted a comprehensive statistical analysis of 134 CFs from 2011 September to 2017 June, including four B-class, 82 C-class, 40 M-class, and eight X-class flares, respectively. The flares were observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) spacecraft. The physical properties of CFs are derived, including the location, area (ACF), equivalent radius (rCF) assuming a semi-spherical fan dome, lifetime (τCF), and peak SXR flux in 1-8 Å. It is found that all CFs are located in active regions, with the latitudes between -30\degr and 30\degr. The distributions of areas and lifetimes could be fitted with a log-normal function. There is a positive correlation between the lifetime and area. The peak SXR flux in 1-8 Å is well in accord with a power-law distribution with an index of -1.42. For the 134 CFs, 57% of them are accompanied by remote brightenings or ribbons. A positive correlation exists between the total length (LRB) and average distance (DRB) of remote brightenings. About 47% and 51% of the 134 CFs are related to type III radio bursts and jets, respectively. The association rates are independent of flare energies. About 38% of CFs are related to mini-filament eruptions, and the association rates increase with flare classes. Only 28% of CFs are related to CMEs, meaning that a majority of them are confined rather than eruptive events. There is a positive correlation between the CME speed and peak SXR flux in 1-8 Å, and faster CMEs tend to be wider.

Authors: Yanjie Zhang, Qingmin Zhang, Dechao Song, Shuting Li, Jun Dai, Zhe Xu, and Haisheng Ji
Projects: SDO-AIA

Publication Status: Accepted for publication in The Astrophysical Journal Supplementary Series
Last Modified: 2022-03-27 18:56
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