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The Coupling of an EUV Coronal Wave and Ion Acceleration in a Fermi-LAT Behind-the-Limb Solar Flare View all abstracts by submitter

Melissa Pesce Rollins   Submitted: 2022-04-27 07:50

We present the Fermi-LAT observations of the behind-the-limb (BTL) flare of 2021 July 17 and the joint detection of this flare by STIX on board the Solar Orbiter. The separation between Earth and the Solar Orbiter was 99.2 degrees at 05:00 UT, allowing STIX to have a front view of the flare. The location of the flare was S20E140 in Stonyhurst heliographic coordinates, making this the most distant behind-the-limb flare ever detected in >100 MeV gamma-rays. The LAT detection lasted for ∼16 minutes, the peak flux was 3.6 0.8 (10-5) ph cm-2 s-1 with a significance >15σ. A coronal wave was observed from both STEREO-A and SDO in extreme ultraviolet (EUV), with an onset on the visible disk in coincidence with the LAT onset. A complex type II radio burst was observed by GLOSS also in coincidence with the onset of the LAT emission, indicating the presence of a shock wave. We discuss the relation between the time derivative of the EUV wave intensity profile at 193 as observed by STEREO-A and the LAT flux to show that the appearance of the coronal wave at the visible disk and the acceleration of protons as traced by the observed >100 MeV gamma-ray emission are coupled. We also report how this coupling is present in the data from three other BTL flares detected by Fermi-LAT, suggesting that the protons driving the gamma-ray emission of BTL solar flares and the coronal wave share a common origin.

Authors: Melissa Pesce-Rollins, Nicola Omodei, Säm Krucker, Niccolo' Di Lalla, Wen Wang, Andrea F. Battaglia, Alexander Warmuth, Astrid M. Veronig and Luca Baldini
Projects: Fermi/LAT

Publication Status: Published in ApJ
Last Modified: 2022-04-27 08:36
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