E-Print Archive

There are 4507 abstracts currently viewable.


Advanced Search
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Sigmoid Formation Through Slippage of A Single J-shaped Coronal Loop View all abstracts by submitter

Hanya Pan   Submitted: 2022-08-30 19:22

A well-known precursor of an imminent solar eruption is the appearance of a hot S-shaped loop, also known as sigmoid, in an active region (AR). Classically, the formation of such an S-shaped loop is envisaged to be implemented by magnetic reconnection of two oppositely oriented J-shaped loops. However, the details of reconnection are elusive due to weak emission and subtle evolution during the pre-eruptive phase. In this paper, we investigate how a single J-shaped loop transforms into an S-shaped one through the slippage of one of its footpoints in NOAA AR 11719 on 2013 April 11. During an interval of about 16 min, the J-shaped loop slips through a low-corona region of strong electric current density in a bursty fashion, reaching a peak apparent speed as fast as over 1000 km s-1, at the slipping footpoint. The enhancement of electric current density, as suggested by non-linear force-free field modeling, indicates that the "non-idealness" of coronal plasma becomes locally important, which may facilitate magnetic reconnection. The loop segment undergoing slipping motions is heated; meanwhile, above the fixed footpoint coronal emission dims due to a combination effect of the lengthening and heating of the loop, the latter of which is manifested in the temporal variation of dimming slope and of emission measure. These features together support an asymmetric scenario of sigmoid formation through slipping reconnection of a single J-shaped loop, which differs from the standard tether-cutting scenario involving a double J-shaped loop system.

Authors: Hanya Pan, Tingyu Gou, Rui Liu
Projects: None

Publication Status: ApJ (Accepted August 26, 2022)
Last Modified: 2022-08-31 13:08
Go to main E-Print page  A New Position Calibration Method for MUSER Images  MHD Simulation of Homologous Eruptions from Solar Active Region 10930 Caused by Sunspot Rotation  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
The role and contribution of magnetic fields, characterized via their magnetic flux, to the statistical structuring of the solar atmosphere
Do periods of decayless kink oscillations of solar coronal loops depend on noise?
Automatic detection technique for solar filament oscillations in GONG data
Probing the Density Fine Structuring of the Solar Corona with Comet Lovejoy
Confined plasma transition from the solar atmosphere to the interplanetary medium
Extracting the Heliographic Coordinates of Coronal Rays using Images from WISPR/Parker Solar Probe
Two-spacecraft detection of short-period decayless kink oscillations of solar coronal loops
Genesis and Coronal-jet-generating Eruption of a Solar Minifilament Captured by IRIS Slit-raster Spectra
First detection of transverse vertical oscillation during the expansion of coronal loops
A New Position Calibration Method for MUSER Images
Sigmoid Formation Through Slippage of A Single J-shaped Coronal Loop
MHD Simulation of Homologous Eruptions from Solar Active Region 10930 Caused by Sunspot Rotation
Dropouts of Fully Stripped Ions in the Solar Wind: A Diagnostic for Wave Heating versus Reconnection
Plasma heating and nanoflare caused by slow-mode wave in a coronal loop
The Lyman-α Emission in a C1.4 Solar Flare Observed by the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager aboard Solar Orbiter
Imaging and Spectroscopic Observations of the Dynamic Processes in Limb Solar Flares
Evolution of the critical torus instability height and CME likelihood in solar active regions
A Magnetogram-matching Method for Energizing Magnetic Flux Ropes Toward Eruption
A 2D Model for Coronal Bright Points: Association with Spicules, UV bursts, Surges and EUV Coronal Jets
The relativistic solar particle event on 28 October 2021: Evidence of particle acceleration within and escape from the solar corona

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey

© 2000-2020 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University