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Probing the Density Fine Structuring of the Solar Corona with Comet Lovejoy View all abstracts by submitter

Giuseppe Nistico   Submitted: 2022-09-13 05:09

The passage of sungrazing comets in the solar corona can be a powerful tool to probe the local plasma properties. Here, we carry out a study of the striae pattern appearing in the tail of sungrazing Comet Lovejoy, as observed by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) during the inbound and outbound phases of the comet orbit. We consider the images in EUV in the 171 ┼ bandpass, where emission from oxygen ions O4+ and O5+ is found. The striae are described as due to a beam of ions injected along the local magnetic field, with the initial beam velocity decaying because of collisions. Also, ion collisional diffusion contributes to ion propagation. Both the collision time for velocity decay and the diffusion coefficient for spatial spreading depend on the ambient plasma density. A probabilistic description of the ion beam density along the magnetic field is developed, where the beam position is given by the velocity decay and the spreading of diffusing ions is described by a Gaussian probability distribution. Profiles of emission intensity along the magnetic field are computed and compared with the profiles along the striae observed by AIA, showing a good agreement for most considered striae. The inferred coronal densities are then compared with a hydrostatic model of the solar corona. The results confirm that the coronal density is strongly spatially structured.

Authors: GiusG. Nistic˛, G. Zimbardo, S. Perri, V. M. Nakariakov, T. J. Duckenfield, M. Druckmueller
Projects: SDO-AIA

Publication Status: Accepted for publication in ApJ
Last Modified: 2022-09-14 13:13
Go to main E-Print page  Automatic detection technique for solar filament oscillations in GONG data  Confined plasma transition from the solar atmosphere to the interplanetary medium  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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