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Coronal seismology by slow waves in non-adiabatic conditions View all abstracts by submitter

Dmitrii Kolotkov   Submitted: 2022-11-23 08:40

Slow magnetoacoustic waves represent an important tool for probing the solar coronal plasma. The majority of seismological methods with slow waves are based on a weakly non-adiabatic approach, which assumes the coronal energy transport has only weak effects on the wave dynamics. Despite it significantly simplifies the application of coronal seismology by slow waves, this assumption omits a number of important and confidently observed effects and thus puts strong limitations on the reliability of seismological estimations. We quantitatively assess the applicability of the weak thermal conduction theory to coronal seismology by slow waves. We numerically model the linear standing slow wave in a 1D coronal loop, with field-aligned thermal conduction \kappa_\parallel as a free parameter and no restrictions on its efficiency. The time variations of the perturbed plasma parameters, obtained numerically with full conductivity, are treated as potential observables and analysed with the standard data processing techniques. The slow wave oscillation period is found to increase with \kappa_\parallel by about 30%, indicating the corresponding modification in the effective wave speed, which is missing from the weak conduction theory. Phase shifts between plasma temperature and density perturbations are found to be well consistent with the approximate weakly conductive solution for all considered values of \kappa_\parallel. In contrast, the comparison of the numerically obtained ratio of temperature and density perturbation amplitudes with the weak theory revealed relative errors up to 30-40%. We use these parameters to measure the effective adiabatic index of the coronal plasma directly as the ratio of the effective slow wave speed to the standard sound speed and in the polytropic assumption, which is found to be justified in a weakly conductive regime only, with relative errors up to 14% otherwise. The damping of the initial perturbation is found to be of a non-exponential form during the first cycle of oscillation, which could be considered as an indirect signature of entropy waves in the corona, also not described by weak conduction theory. The performed analysis and obtained results offer a more robust scheme of coronal seismology by slow waves, with reasonable simplifications and without the loss of accuracy.

Authors: Dmitrii Y. Kolotkov
Projects: None

Publication Status: Accepted for publication in Front. Astron. Space Sci; doi:10.3389/fspas.2022.1073664
Last Modified: 2022-11-24 11:07
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