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Solar Orbiter and SDO Observations, and Bifrost MHD Simulations of Small-scale Coronal Jets View all abstracts by submitter

Navdeep Panesar   Submitted: 2022-12-28 14:33

We report high-resolution, high-cadence observations of five small-scale coronal jets in an on-disk quiet Sun region observed with Solar Orbiter's EUI/\hri\ in 174 Å. We combine the \hri\ images with the EUV images of SDO/AIA and investigate magnetic setting of the jets using co-aligned line-of-sight magnetograms from SDO/HMI. The \hri\ jets are miniature versions of typical coronal jets as they show narrow collimated spires with a base brightening. Three out of five jets result from a detectable minifilament eruption following flux cancelation at the neutral line under the minifilament, analogous to coronal jets. To better understand the physics of jets, we also analyze five small-scale jets from a high-resolution Bifrost MHD simulation in synthetic \FeIX/\FeX\ emissions. The jets in the simulation reside above neutral lines and four out of five jets are triggered by magnetic flux cancelation. The temperature maps show the evidence of cool gas in the same four jets. Our simulation also shows the signatures of opposite Doppler shifts (of the order of ± 10s of \kms) in the jet spire, which is evidence of untwisting motion of the magnetic field in the jet spire. The average jet duration, spire length, base width, and speed in our observations (and in synthetic \FeIX/\FeX\ images) are 6.5 ± 4.0 min (9.0 ± 4.0 min), 6050 ± 2900 km (6500 ± 6500 km), 2200 ± 850 km, (3900 ± 2100 km), and 60 ± 8 \kms\ (42 ± 20 \kms), respectively. Our observation and simulation results provide a unified picture of small-scale solar coronal jets driven by magnetic reconnection accompanying flux cancelation. This picture also aligns well with the most recent reports of the formation and eruption mechanisms of larger coronal jets.

Authors: Panesar, Navdeep K. ; Hansteen, Viggo H. ; Tiwari, Sanjiv K. ; Cheung, Mark C. M. ; Berghmans, David ; Müller, Daniel

Publication Status: Accepted for publication in ApJ
Last Modified: 2023-01-02 23:05
Go to main E-Print page  Problems in Observation and Identification of Torsional Waves in the Lower Solar Atmosphere   Dominance of Bursty over Steady Heating of the 4–8 MK Coronal Plasma in a Solar Active Region: Quantification Using Maps of Minimum, Maximum, and Average Brightness  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

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