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A Statistical Analysis of Magnetic Field Changes in the Photosphere during Solar Flares Using High-cadence Vector Magnetograms and Their Association with Flare Ribbons View all abstracts by submitter

Rahul Yadav   Submitted: 2023-01-17 12:12

We analyze high-cadence vector magnetograms (135 s) and flare-ribbon observations of 37 flares from the Solar Dynamics Observatory to understand the spatial and temporal properties of changes in the photospheric vector magnetic field and their relationship to footpoints of reconnected fields. Confirming previous studies, we find that the largest permanent changes in the horizontal field component lie near the polarity inversion line, whereas changes in the vertical field are less pronounced and are distributed throughout the active region. We find that pixels swept up by ribbons do not always exhibit permanent changes in the field. However, when they do, ribbon emission typically occurs several minutes before the start of field changes. The changes in the properties of the field show no relation to the size of active regions, but are strongly related to the flare-ribbon properties such as ribbon magnetic flux and ribbon area. For the first time, we find that the duration of permanent changes in the field is strongly coupled with the duration of the flare, lasting on average 29% of the duration of the GOES flare. Our results suggest that changes in photospheric magnetic fields are caused by a combination of two scenarios: contraction of flare loops driven by magnetic reconnection and coronal implosion.

Authors: Rahul Yadav and Maria D. Kazachenko
Projects: None

Publication Status: accepted for publication in the ApJ
Last Modified: 2023-01-18 13:11
Go to main E-Print page  Multi-stage reconnection powering a solar coronal jet  Numerical Study on Excitation of Turbulence and Oscillation in Above-the-loop-top Region of a Solar Flare  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

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