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Temporal and spatial association between microwaves and type III bursts in the upper corona View all abstracts by submitter

Nataliia Meshalkina   Submitted: 2023-03-05 23:52

One of the most important tasks in solar physics is the study of particles and energy transfer from the lower corona to the outer layers of the solar atmosphere. The most sensitive methods for detecting fluxes of non-thermal electrons in the solar atmosphere is observing their radio emission using modern large radioheliographs. We analyzed joint observations from the 13 April 2019 event observed by LOw-Frequency ARray (LOFAR) at meter wavelengths, and the Siberian Radio Heliograph (SRH) and the Badary Broadband Microwave Spectropolarimeter (BBMS) spectropolarimeter in microwaves performed at the time of the second PSP perihelion. During a period without signatures of non-thermal energy release in X-ray emission, numerous type III and/or type J bursts were observed. During the same two hours we observed soft X-ray brightenings and the appearance of weak microwave emission in an abnormally narrow band around 6 GHz. At these frequencies the increasing flux is well above the noise level, reaching 9 sfu. In the LOFAR dynamic spectrum of 53-80 MHz a region is found that lasts about an hour whose emission is highly correlated with 6 GHz temporal profile. The flux peaks in the meter waves are well correlated with extreme UV (EUV) emission variations caused by repeated surges from the bright X-point. We argue that there is a common source of non-thermal electrons located in the tail of the active region, where two loop systems of very different sizes interacted. The frequencies of type III and/or type J bursts are in accordance with large loop heights around 400 Mm, obtained by the magnetic field reconstruction. The microwave coherent emission was generated in the low loops identified as bright X-ray points seen in soft X-ray and EUV images, produced by electrons with energies several tens of keV at about twice the plasma frequency.

Authors: A.T. Altyntsev, H. Reid, N.S. Meshalkina, I.I. Myshyakov, D.A. Zhdanov
Projects: LOw Frequency ARray (LOFAR)

Publication Status: A&A 671, A30 (2023)
Last Modified: 2023-03-07 19:13
Go to main E-Print page  Modulation of cosmic ray anti-protons in the heliosphere: simulations for a solar cycle  Prospective Implications of EUV Coronal Plumes for Magnetic-network Genesis of Coronal Heating, Coronal-hole Solar Wind, and Solar-wind Magnetic-field Switchbacks  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

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