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How magnetic helicity ejection helps large scale dynamos View all abstracts by submitter

Axel Brandenburg   Submitted: 2003-07-10 20:45

There is mounting evidence that the ejection of magnetic helicity from the solar surface is important for the solar dynamo. Observations suggest that in the northern hemisphere the magnetic helicity flux is negative. We propose that this magnetic helicity flux is mostly due to small scale magnetic fields; in contrast to the more systematic large scale field of the 11 year cycle, whose helicity flux may be of opposite sign, and may be excluded from the observational interpretation. Using idealized simulations of MHD turbulence as well as a simple two-scale model, we show that shedding small scale (helical) field has two important effects. (i) The strength of the large scale field reaches the observed levels. (ii) The evolution of the large scale field proceeds on time scales shorter than the resistive time scale, as would otherwise be enforced by magnetic helicity conservation. In other words, the losses ensure that the solar dynamo is always in the near-kinematic regime. This requires, however, that the ratio of small scale to large scale losses cannot be too small, for otherwise the large scale field in the near-kinematic regime will not reach the observed values.

Authors: A. Brandenburg, E.G. Blackman, G.R. Sarson
Projects: None

Publication Status: to appear in Adv. Space Sci. (Cospar 2002, ed. Buchner)
Last Modified: 2003-07-10 20:45
Go to main E-Print page  Doubly Helical Coronal Ejections from Dynamos and their Role in Sustaining the Solar Cycle  Magnetic Helicity Analysis of an InterplanetaryTwisted Flux Tube  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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