E-Print Archive

There are 4525 abstracts currently viewable.


Advanced Search
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Formation of current sheets and sigmoidal structure by the kink instability of a magnetic loop View all abstracts by submitter

Bernhard Kliem   Submitted: 2003-11-06 17:30

We study dynamical consequences of the kink instability of a twisted coronal flux rope, using the force-free coronal loop model by Titov & D'emoulin (1999) as the initial condition in ideal-MHD simulations. When a critical value of the twist is exceeded, the long-wavelength (m=1) kink mode develops. Analogous to the well-known cylindrical approximation, a helical current sheet is then formed at the interface with the surrounding medium. In contrast to the cylindrical case, upward-kinking loops form a second, vertical current sheet below the loop apex at the position of the hyperbolic flux tube (generalized X line) in the model. The current density is steepened in both sheets and eventually exceeds the current density in the loop (although the kink perturbation starts to saturate in our simulations without leading to a global eruption). The projection of the field lines that pass through the vertical current sheet shows an S shape whose sense agrees with the typical sense of transient sigmoidal (forward or reverse S-shaped) structures that brighten in soft X rays prior to coronal eruptions. The upward-kinked loop has the opposite S shape, leading to the conclusion that such sigmoids do not generally show the erupting loops themselves but indicate the formation of the vertical current sheet below them that is the central element of the standard flare model.

Authors: B. Kliem, V. S. Titov, and T. Toeroek
Projects: None

Publication Status: Astron. Astrophys. Lett., accepted
Last Modified: 2003-11-07 15:37
Go to main E-Print page  Rapid Penumbral Decay Following Three X-Class Flares  Ideal kink instability of a magnetic loop equilibrium  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
Geomagnetic storm forecasting from solar coronal holes
Coronal seismology by slow waves in non-adiabatic conditions
Exploring the Ideal MHD Quasi-Modes of a Plasma Interface with a Thick Nonuniform Transition
Changes of Magnetic Energy and Helicity in Solar Active Regions from Major Flares
Spectroscopic and Imaging Observations of Spatially Extended Magnetic Reconnection in the Splitting of a Solar Filament Structure
The Universality of Power Law Slopes in the Solar Photosphere and Transition Region Observed with HMI and IRIS
Turbulence and Anomalous Resistivity inside Near-Earth Magnetic Clouds
On the specific energy and pressure in near-Earth magnetic clouds
Solar Energetic Particle Event Associated with the 2012 July 23 Extreme Solar Storm
Investigation of Energetic Particle Release Using Multi-point Imaging and In Situ Observations
Shock Properties and Associated Characteristics of Solar Energetic Particles in the 2017 September 10 GLE event
Dimensionality of Solar Magnetic Reconnection
Microwave Perspective on Magnetic Breakout Eruption
Effects of Coronal Density and Magnetic Field Distributions on a Global Solar EUV Wave
Multi-spacecraft Observations of the Coronal and Interplanetary Evolution of a Solar Eruption Associated with Two Active Regions
Sun-to-Earth Characteristics of the 2012 July 12 Coronal Mass Ejection and Associated Geo-effectiveness
The effect of nanoflare flows on EUV spectral lines
On some features of the solar proton event on 2021 October 28 GLE73
The role and contribution of magnetic fields, characterized via their magnetic flux, to the statistical structuring of the solar atmosphere
Do periods of decayless kink oscillations of solar coronal loops depend on noise?

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey

© 2000-2020 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University