E-Print Archive

There are 4100 abstracts currently viewable.


Advanced Search
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
The Global Solar Magnetic Field Through a Full Sunspot Cycle: Observations and Model Results View all abstracts by submitter

Karel Schrijver   Submitted: 2008-06-19 17:16

Based on 11 years of SOHO/MDI observations from the cycle minimum in 1997 to the next minimum around 2008, we compare observed and modeled axial dipole moments to better understand the large-scale transport properties of magnetic flux in the solar photosphere. The absolute value of the axial dipole moment in 2008 is less than half that in the corresponding cycle-minimum phase in early 1997, both as measured from synoptic maps and as computed from an assimilation model based only on magnetogram data equatorward of 60 degrees in latitude. This is incompatible with the statistical fluctuations expected from flux-dispersal modeling developed in earlier work at the level of 7-10 sigma. We show how this decreased axial dipole moment can result from an increased strength of the diverging meridional flow near the Equator, which more effectively separates the two hemispheres for dispersing magnetic flux. Based on the combination of this work with earlier long-term simulations of the solar surface field, we conclude that the flux-transport properties across the solar cycle have changed from preceding cycles to the most recent one. A plausible candidate for such a change is an increase of the gradient of the meridional-flow pattern near the Equator so that the two hemispheres are more effectively separated. The required profile as a function of latitude is consistent with helioseismic and cross-correlation measurements made over past decade.

Authors: C.J. Schrijver and Y. Liu
Projects: SoHO-MDI

Publication Status: Solar Physics, in press.
Last Modified: 2008-09-23 20:59
Go to main E-Print page  New Aspects on Particle Acceleration in Solar Flares from RHESSI Observations  Subject will be restored when possible  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
The Birth of a Jet-driven Twin CME and Its Deflection from Remote Magnetic Fields
On the Origin of Solar Torsional Oscillations and Extended Solar Cycle
What Sets the Magnetic Field Strength and Cycle Period in Solar-type Stars?
Stereoscopic Observations of an Erupting Mini-filament Driven Two-Sided-Loop Jet and the Applications for Diagnosing Filament Magnetic field
Dynamic Processes of the Moreton Wave on 2014 March 29
Shock Heating Energy of Umbral Flashes Measured with Integral Field Unit Spectroscopy
Stealth Coronal Mass Ejections from Active Regions
Coronal Loop Scaling Laws for Various Forms of Parallel Heat Conduction
Structure of the transition region and the low corona from TRACE and SDO observations near the limb
Quantifying the relationship between Moreton-Ramsey waves and "EIT waves" using observations of 4 homologous wave events
Formation of quasi-periodic slow magnetoacoustic wave trains by the heating/cooling misbalance
Fundamental Transverse Vibrations of the Active Region Solar Corona
Damping of slow magnetoacoustic oscillations by the misbalance between heating and cooling processes in the solar corona
Magnetic helicity and eruptivity in active region 12673
Impulsive coronal heating from large-scale magnetic rearrangements: from IRIS to SDO/AIA
Probing the effect of cadence on the estimates of photospheric energy and helicity injections in eruptive active region NOAA AR 11158
The birth of a coronal mass ejection
Oscillations of the baseline of solar magnetic field and solar irradiance on a millennial timescale
Chromospheric cannonballs on the Sun
Magnetic Helicity from Multipolar Regions on the Solar Surface

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey

© 2003 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University