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Ion Temperatures in the Low Solar Corona: Polar Coronal Holes at Solar Minimum View all abstracts by submitter

Steven R Cranmer   Submitted: 2008-10-03 04:05

In the present work we use a deep-exposure spectrum taken by the SUMER spectrometer in a polar coronal hole in 1996 to measure the ion temperatures of a large number of ions at many different heights above the limb between 0.03 and 0.17 solar radii. We find that the measured ion temperatures are almost always larger than the electron temperatures and exhibit a non-monotonic dependence on the charge-to-mass ratio. We use these measurements to provide empirical constraints to a theoretical model of ion heating and acceleration based on gradually replenished ion-cyclotron waves. We compare the wave power required to heat the ions to the observed levels to a prediction based on a model of anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence. We find that the empirical heating model and the turbulent cascade model agree with one another, and explain the measured ion temperatures, for charge-to-mass ratios smaller than about 0.25. However, ions with charge-to-mass ratios exceeding 0.25 disagree with the model; the wave power they require to be heated to the measured ion temperatures shows an increase with charge-to-mass ratio (i.e., with increasing frequency) that cannot be explained by a traditional cascade model. We discuss possible additional processes that might be responsible for the inferred surplus of wave power.

Authors: E. Landi and S. R. Cranmer
Projects: SoHO-SUMER

Publication Status: ApJ, in press (for January 20, 2009)
Last Modified: 2008-10-03 09:29
Go to main E-Print page  Modelling the Global Solar Corona III: Origin of the Hemispheric Pattern of Filaments  Asymmetric Eruptive Filaments  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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