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Observations and Nonlinear Force-Free Field Modeling of Active Region 10953 View all abstracts by submitter

Yingna Su   Submitted: 2008-09-22 13:45

We present multi-wavelength observations of a simple bipolar active region (NOAA 10953), which produced several small flares (mostly B class and one C8.5 class) and filament activations from April 30 to May 3 in 2007. We also explore non-linear force free field (NLFFF) modeling of this region prior to the C8.5 flare on May 2, using magnetograph data from SOHO/MDI and Hinode/SOT. A series of NLFFF models are constructed using the flux-rope insertion method. By comparing the modeled field lines with multiple X-ray loops observed by Hinode/XRT, we find that the axial flux of the flux rope in the best-fit models is 7e20 Mx, while the poloidal flux has a wider range of (0.1-10)e10 Mx/cm. The axial flux in the best-fit model is well below the upper limit (~15e20 Mx) for stable force-free configurations, which is consistent with the fact that no successful full filament eruption occurred in this active region. From multi-wavelength observations of the C8.5 flare, we find that the X-ray brightenings (in both RHESSI and XRT) appeared about 20 minutes earlier than the EUV brightenings seen in TRACE 171 Å images and filament activations seen in MLSO Hα images. This is interpreted as an indication that the X-ray emission may be caused by direct coronal heating due to reconnection, and the energy transported down to the chromosphere may be too low to produce EUV brightenings. This flare started from nearly unsheared flare loop, unlike most two-ribbon flares which begin with highly sheared footpoint brightenings. By comparing with our NLFFF model, we find that the early flare loop is located above the flux rope which has a sharp boundary. We suggest that this flare started near the outer edge of the flux rope, not at the inner side or at the bottom as in the standard two-ribbon flare model.

Authors: Yingna Su, Adriaan van Ballegooijen, Bruce W. Lites, Edward E. Deluca, Leon Golub, Paolo C. Grigis, Guangli Huang, and Haisheng Ji
Projects: Hinode/XRT

Publication Status: Astrophysical Journal, 2009, 691, 105-114.
Last Modified: 2009-02-05 08:39
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