E-Print Archive

There are 4371 abstracts currently viewable.


Search:

Advanced Search
Options
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
Information
Feedback
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Notification
Early Chromospheric Response During a Solar Microflare Observed With SOHO's CDS and RHESSI View all abstracts by submitter

Jeffrey Brosius   Submitted: 2010-08-24 12:17

We observed a solar microflare with RHESSI and SOHO's Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer (CDS) on 2009 July 5. With CDS we obtained rapid cadence (7 s) stare spectra within a narrow field of view toward the center of AR 11024. The spectra contain emission lines from ions that cover a wide range of temperature, including He I (<0.025 MK), O V (0.25 MK), Si XII (2 MK), and Fe XIX (8 MK). The start of a precursor burst of He I and O V line emission preceded the steady increase of Fe XIX line emission by about 1 minute and the emergence of 3-12 keV X-ray emission by about 4 minutes. Thus, the onset of the microflare was observed in upper chromospheric (He I) and transition region (O V) line emission before it was detected in high-temperature flare plasma emission. Redshifted O V emission during the precursor suggests explosive chromospheric evaporation, but no corresponding blueshifts were found with either Fe XIX (which was very weak) or Si XII. Similarly, in subsequent microflare brightenings the O V and He I intensities increased (between 49 s and almost 2 minutes) before emissions from the hot flare plasma. Although these time differences likely indicate heating by a nonthermal particle beam, the RHESSI spectra provide no additional evidence for such a beam. In intervals lasting up to about 3 minutes during several bursts, the He I and O V emission line profiles showed secondary, highly blueshifted (~ -200 km s-1) components; during intervals lasting nearly 1 minute the velocities of the primary and secondary components were oppositely directed. Combined with no corresponding blueshifts in either Fe XIX or Si XII, this indicates that explosive chromospheric evaporation occurred predominantly at either comparatively cool temperatures (<2 MK) or within a hot temperature range to which our observations were not sensitive (e.g., between 2 and 8 MK).

Authors: Jeffrey W. Brosius and Gordon D. Holman
Projects: RHESSI, CDS

Publication Status: ApJ 720, 1472
Last Modified: 2010-08-24 12:17
Go to main E-Print page  Statistically-derived  flaring chromospheric-coronal density structure from non-thermal X-ray observations of the Sun  Modeling the Subsurface Structure of Sunspots  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Delete Entry 

Key
Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
The Poissonian origin of power laws in solar flare waiting time distributions
Correlation of the sunspot number and the waiting time distribution of solar flares, coronal mass ejections, and solar wind switchback events observed with the Parker Solar Probe
Self-organized criticality in stellar flares
Finite system-size effectrs in self-organizing criticality systems
Global energetics of solar flares. XII. Energy scaling laws
Global energetics of solar flares. XI. Flare magnitude predictions of the GOES class
Are the Magnetic Fields Radial in the Solar Polar Region?
Fast magnetoacoustic wave trains: from tadpoles to boomerangs
Multi-channel coronal hole detection with convolutional neural networks
FOXSI-2 Solar Microflares. II. Hard X-ray Imaging Spectroscopy and Flare Energetics
Structure and Evolution of an Inter–Active Region Large-scale Magnetic Flux Rope
Variation of Magnetic Flux Ropes through Major Solar Flares
MHD Modeling of Solar Coronal Magnetic Evolution Driven by Photospheric Flow
The Causes of Peripheral Coronal Loop Contraction and Disappearance Revealed in a Magnetohydrodynamic Simulation of Solar Eruption
The Sun's Dynamic Extended Corona Observed in Extreme Ultraviolet
Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations of Spicular Jet Propagation Applied to Lower Solar Atmosphere Model
Thermal Trigger for Solar Flares II: Effect of the Guide Magnetic Field
The role of non-axisymmetry of magnetic flux rope in constraining solar eruptions
Energy budget of plasma motions, heating, and electron acceleration in a three-loop solar flare
Space weather: the solar perspective - an update to Schwenn (2006)

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey



© 2000-2020 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University