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AIA Multithermal Loop Analysis: First Results View all abstracts by submitter

Joan Schmelz   Submitted: 2011-02-14 09:44

The Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory has state-of-the-art spatial resolution and shows the most detailed images of coronal loops ever observed. The series of coronal filters peak at different temperatures, which span the range of active regions. These features represent a significant improvement over earlier coronal imagers and make AIA ideal for multi-thermal analysis. Here we targeted a 171Å coronal loop in AR 11092 observed by AIA on 2010 August 3. Isothermal analysis using the 171-to-193 ratio gave a temperature of Log T ∼ 6.1, similar to the results of EIT and TRACE. Differential Emission Measure analysis, however, showed that the plasma was multithermal, not isothermal, with the bulk of the emission measure at Log T > 6.1. The result from the isothermal analysis, which is the average of the true plasma distribution weighted by the instrument response functions, appears to be deceptively low. These results have potentially serious implications: EIT and TRACE results, which use the same isothermal method, show substantially smaller temperature gradients than predicted by standard models for loops in hydrodynamic equilibrium and have been used as strong evidence in support of footpoint heating models. These implications may have to be re-examined in the wake of new results from AIA.

Authors: Schmelz, Kimble, Jenkins, Worley, Anderson, Pathak, Saar
Projects: SDO-AIA

Publication Status: ApJ Letters, 725, L34, 2010
Last Modified: 2011-02-14 11:04
Go to main E-Print page  Isothermal and Multithermal Analysis of Coronal Loops Observed with AIA  The Thermal Instability of Solar Prominence Threads  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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