E-Print Archive

There are 4371 abstracts currently viewable.


Advanced Search
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
Ellerman Bombs at High Resolution. I. Morphological Evidence for Photospheric Reconnection View all abstracts by submitter

Hiroko Watanabe   Submitted: 2011-07-06 20:45

High-resolution imaging-spectroscopy movies of solar active region NOAA 10998 obtained with the Crisp Imaging Spectropolarimeter at the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope show very bright, rapidly flickering, flame-like features that appear intermittently in the wings of the Balmer Hα line in a region with moat flows and likely some flux emergence. They show up at regular Hα blue-wing bright points that outline the magnetic network, but flare upward with much larger brightness and distinct 'jet' morphology seen from aside in the limbward view of these movies. We classify these features as Ellerman bombs and present a morphological study of their appearance at the unprecedented spatial, temporal, and spectral resolution of these observations. The bombs appear along the magnetic network with footpoint extents up to 900 km. They show apparent travel away from the spot along the pre-existing network at speeds of about 1 km s–1. The bombs flare repetitively with much rapid variation at timescales of seconds only, in the form of upward jet-shaped brightness features. These reach heights of 600-1200 km and tend to show blueshifts; some show bi-directional Doppler signature and some seem accompanied with an Hα surge. They are not seen in the core of Hα due to shielding by overlying chromospheric fibrils. The network where they originate has normal properties. The morphology of these jets strongly supports deep-seated photospheric reconnection of emergent or moat-driven magnetic flux with pre-existing strong vertical network fields as the mechanism underlying the Ellerman bomb phenomenon.

Authors: Hiroko Watanabe, Gregal Vissers, Reizaburo Kitai, Luc Rouppe van der Voort, Robert J. Rutten
Projects: None

Publication Status: Published in ApJ, 736, 71
Last Modified: 2011-07-07 14:25
Go to main E-Print page  Particle acceleration by circularly and elliptically polarised dispersive Alfven waves in a transversely inhomogeneous plasma in the inertial and kinetic regimes  3D Reconstructions of an Erupting Filament with SDO and STEREO Observations  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
The Poissonian origin of power laws in solar flare waiting time distributions
Correlation of the sunspot number and the waiting time distribution of solar flares, coronal mass ejections, and solar wind switchback events observed with the Parker Solar Probe
Self-organized criticality in stellar flares
Finite system-size effectrs in self-organizing criticality systems
Global energetics of solar flares. XII. Energy scaling laws
Global energetics of solar flares. XI. Flare magnitude predictions of the GOES class
Are the Magnetic Fields Radial in the Solar Polar Region?
Fast magnetoacoustic wave trains: from tadpoles to boomerangs
Multi-channel coronal hole detection with convolutional neural networks
FOXSI-2 Solar Microflares. II. Hard X-ray Imaging Spectroscopy and Flare Energetics
Structure and Evolution of an Inter–Active Region Large-scale Magnetic Flux Rope
Variation of Magnetic Flux Ropes through Major Solar Flares
MHD Modeling of Solar Coronal Magnetic Evolution Driven by Photospheric Flow
The Causes of Peripheral Coronal Loop Contraction and Disappearance Revealed in a Magnetohydrodynamic Simulation of Solar Eruption
The Sun's Dynamic Extended Corona Observed in Extreme Ultraviolet
Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations of Spicular Jet Propagation Applied to Lower Solar Atmosphere Model
Thermal Trigger for Solar Flares II: Effect of the Guide Magnetic Field
The role of non-axisymmetry of magnetic flux rope in constraining solar eruptions
Energy budget of plasma motions, heating, and electron acceleration in a three-loop solar flare
Space weather: the solar perspective - an update to Schwenn (2006)

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey

© 2000-2020 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University