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Ellerman Bombs at High Resolution. I. Morphological Evidence for Photospheric Reconnection View all abstracts by submitter

Hiroko Watanabe   Submitted: 2011-07-06 20:45

High-resolution imaging-spectroscopy movies of solar active region NOAA 10998 obtained with the Crisp Imaging Spectropolarimeter at the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope show very bright, rapidly flickering, flame-like features that appear intermittently in the wings of the Balmer Hα line in a region with moat flows and likely some flux emergence. They show up at regular Hα blue-wing bright points that outline the magnetic network, but flare upward with much larger brightness and distinct 'jet' morphology seen from aside in the limbward view of these movies. We classify these features as Ellerman bombs and present a morphological study of their appearance at the unprecedented spatial, temporal, and spectral resolution of these observations. The bombs appear along the magnetic network with footpoint extents up to 900 km. They show apparent travel away from the spot along the pre-existing network at speeds of about 1 km s–1. The bombs flare repetitively with much rapid variation at timescales of seconds only, in the form of upward jet-shaped brightness features. These reach heights of 600-1200 km and tend to show blueshifts; some show bi-directional Doppler signature and some seem accompanied with an Hα surge. They are not seen in the core of Hα due to shielding by overlying chromospheric fibrils. The network where they originate has normal properties. The morphology of these jets strongly supports deep-seated photospheric reconnection of emergent or moat-driven magnetic flux with pre-existing strong vertical network fields as the mechanism underlying the Ellerman bomb phenomenon.


Authors: Hiroko Watanabe, Gregal Vissers, Reizaburo Kitai, Luc Rouppe van der Voort, Robert J. Rutten
Projects: None

Publication Status: Published in ApJ, 736, 71
Last Modified: 2011-07-07 14:25
Go to main E-Print page  Particle acceleration by circularly and elliptically polarised dispersive Alfven waves in a transversely inhomogeneous plasma in the inertial and kinetic regimes  3D Reconstructions of an Erupting Filament with SDO and STEREO Observations  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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