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The Spatio-Temporal Evolution of Solar Flare Observed with AIA/SDO: Fractal Diffusion, Sub-Diffusion, or Logistic Growth ?} View all abstracts by submitter

Markus J. Aschwanden   Submitted: 2012-08-07 15:05

We explore the spatio-temporal evolution of solar flares by fitting a radial expansion model r(t) that consists of an exponentially growing acceleration phase, followed by a deceleration phase that is parameterized by the generalized diffusion function r(t) propto kappa (t-t_1)eta/2, which includes the logistic growth limit (eta=0), sub-diffusion (eta = 0-1), classical diffusion (eta=1), super-diffusion (eta = 1-2), and the linear expansion limit (eta=2). We analyze all M and X-class flares observed with GOES and AIA/SDO during the first two years of the SDO mission, amounting to 155 events. We find that most flares operate in the sub-diffusive regime (eta=0.53pm0.27), which we interpret in terms of anisotropic chain reactions of intermittent magnetic reconnection episodes in a low plasma-eta corona. We find a mean propagation speed of v=15pm12 km s-1, with maximum speeds of vmax=80 pm 85 km s-1 per flare, which is substantially slower than the sonic speeds expected for thermal diffusion of flare plasmas. The diffusive characteristics established here (for the first time for solar flares) is consistent with the fractal-diffusive self-organized criticality (FD-SOC) model, which predicted diffusive transport merely based on cellular automaton simulations.

Authors: Markus J. Aschwanden
Projects: SDO-AIA

Publication Status: ApJ Vol. 757, p.94 (2012)
Last Modified: 2012-09-11 13:42
Go to main E-Print page  Observations and Magnetic Field Modeling of a Solar Polar Crown Prominence  A Non-radial Eruption in a Quadrupolar Magnetic Configuration with a Coronal Null  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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