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Multi-point shock and flux rope analysis of multiple interplanetary coronal mass ejections around 2010 August 1 in the inner heliosphere View all abstracts by submitter

Christian Möstl   Submitted: 2012-09-14 05:31

We present multi-point in situ observations of a complex sequence of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) which may serve as a benchmark event for numerical and empirical space weather prediction models. On 2010 August 1, instruments on various space missions (Solar Dynamics Observatory/ Solar and Heliospheric Observatory/Solar-TErrestrial-RElations-Observatory) monitored several CMEs originating within tens of degrees from solar disk center. We compare their imprints on four widely separated locations, spanning 120 degree in heliospheric longitude, with radial distances from the Sun ranging from MESSENGER (0.38 AU) to Venus Express (VEX, at 0.72 AU) to Wind, ACE and ARTEMIS near Earth, and STEREO-B close to 1 AU. Calculating shock and flux rope parameters at each location points to a non-spherical shape of the shock, and shows the global configuration of the interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs), which have interacted, but do not seem to have merged. VEX and STEREO-B observed similar magnetic flux ropes (MFRs), in contrast to structures at Wind. The geomagnetic storm was intense, reaching two minima in the Dst index (~ -100 nT), caused by the sheath region behind the shock and one of two observed MFRs. MESSENGER received a glancing blow of the ICMEs, and the events missed STEREO-A entirely. The observations demonstrate how sympathetic solar eruptions may immerse at least 1/3 of the heliosphere in the ecliptic with their distinct plasma and magnetic field signatures. We also emphasize the difficulties in linking the local views derived from single-spacecraft observations to a consistent global picture, pointing to possible alterations from the classical picture of ICMEs.

Authors: C. Möstl, C.J. Farrugia, E.K.J. Kilpua, L.K. Jian, Y. Liu, J. Eastwood, R. A. Harrison, D.F. Webb, M. Temmer, D. Odstrcil, J.A. Davies, T. Rollett, J.G. Luhmann, N. Nitta, T. Mulligan, E. A. Jensen, R. Forsyth, B. Lavraud, C. A. De Koning, A. M. Veronig, A. B. Galvin, T. L. Zhang, B.J. Anderson
Projects: ACE,STEREO,Wind

Publication Status: ApJ (in press)
Last Modified: 2012-09-14 10:07
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