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Long-Term Measurements of Sunspot Magnetic Tilt Angles View all abstracts by submitter

Jing Li   Submitted: 2012-10-06 18:05

Tilt angles of close to 30,600 sunspots are determined using Mount Wilson daily averaged magnetograms taken from 1974 to 2012, and MDI/SoHO magnetograms taken from 1996 to 2010. Within a cycle, more than 90% of sunspots have a normal polarity alignment along the east-west direction following Hale's law. The median tilts increase with increasing latitude (Joy's law) at a rate of ~0.5 degree per degree of latitude. Tilt angles appear largely invariant with time at a given latitude, but they decrease by ~0.9 degree per year on average, a trend which largely reflects Joy's law following the butterfly diagram. We find an asymmetry between the hemispheres in the mean tilt angles. On average, the tilts are greater in the southern than in the northern hemisphere for all latitudinal zones, and the differences increase with increasing latitude.

Authors: Jing Li & Roger Ulrich
Projects: None

Publication Status: ApJ. 758, 115 2012 October 20
Last Modified: 2012-10-08 19:21
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