E-Print Archive

There are 4353 abstracts currently viewable.


Advanced Search
Main Page Add New E-Print Submitter
News Help/FAQ About Preferences
Manage Key Phrase
The Magnetic Field of Active Region 11158 During the 2011 February 12-17 Flares : Differences between Photospheric Extrapolation and Coronal Forward-Fitting Methods View all abstracts by submitter

Markus J. Aschwanden   Submitted: 2014-02-21 09:14

We developed a {sl coronal non-linear force-free field (COR-NLFFF)} forward-fitting code that fits an approximate {sl non-linear force-free field (NLFFF)} solution to the observed geometry of automatically traced coronal loops. In contrast to photospheric NLFFF codes, which calculate a magnetic field solution from the constraints of the transverse photospheric field, this new code uses coronal constraints instead, and this way provides important information on systematic errors of each magnetic field calculation method, as well as on the non-forcefreeness in the lower chromosphere. In this study we applied the COR-NLFFF code to active region NOAA 11158, during the time interval of 2011 Feb 12 to 17, which includes an X2.2 GOES-class flare plus 35 M and C-class flares. We calcuated the free magnetic energy with a 6-minute cadence over 5 days. We find good agreement between the two types of codes for the total nonpotential EN and potential energy EP, but find up to a factor of 4 discrepancy in the free energy Efree=E_N-E_P, and up to a factor of 10 discrepancy in the decrease of the free energy Delta Efree during flares. The coronal NLFFF code exhibits a larger time variability, and yields a decrease of free energy during the flare that is sufficient to satisfy the flare energy budget, while the photospheric NLFFF code shows much less time variability and an order of magnitude less free energy decrease during flares. The discrepancy may partly be due to the pre-processing of photospheric vector data, but more likely due to the non-forcefreeness in the lower chromosphere. We conclude that the coronal field cannot be correctly calculated based on photospheric data alone, but requires additional information on coronal loop geometries.

Authors: Aschwanden, M.J., Sun, X.D., and Liu, Y.
Projects: SDO-AIA

Publication Status: The Astrophysical Journal 785, 34
Last Modified: 2014-03-25 16:21
Go to main E-Print page  Magnetic Helicity in Emerging Solar Active Regions  Diagnosis of Magnetic and Electric Fields	of Chromospheric Jets through Spectropolarimetric Observations of HI Paschen Lines  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

Go to main E-Print pageGo to main E-Print page.
Previous AbstractPrevious Abstract.
Next AbstractNext Abstract.
Download PreprintDownload Preprint.
Submitter's HomepageSubmitters Homepage.
Edit EntryEdit Entry.
View All Abstracts By SubmitterView all abstracts by submitter.
Delete AbstractDelete abstract.

Latest Entries
The role of non-axisymmetry of magnetic flux rope in constraining solar eruptions
Energy budget of plasma motions, heating, and electron acceleration in a three-loop solar flare
Space weather: the solar perspective - an update to Schwenn (2006)
Mixed properties of slow magnetoacoustic and entropy waves in a plasma with heating/cooling misbalance
The morphology of average solar flare time profiles from observations of the Sun's lower atmosphere
Indications of stellar coronal mass ejections through coronal dimmings
Could switchbacks originate in the lower solar atmosphere? II. Propagation of switchbacks in the solar corona
Solar large-scale magnetic field and cycle patterns in solar dynamo
Three-dimensional magnetic reconnection in astrophysical plasmas
Energy partition in a confined flare with an extreme-ultraviolet late phase
Alfvén wave heating in partially ionized thin threads of solar prominences
He I 10830 Dimming During Solar Flares, I: The Crucial Role of Non-Thermal Collisional Ionisations
Separating aa-index into Solar and Hale Cycle Related Components Using Principal Component Analysis
Inward Propagating Plasma Parcels in the Solar Corona: Models with Aerodynamic Drag, Ablation, and Snowplow Accretion
Energetics and 3-D Structure of Elementary Events in Solar Coronal Heating
Stellar Superflares Observed Simultaneously with Kepler and XMM-Newton
Medium-term predictions of F10.7 and F30 cm solar radio flux with the adaptive Kalman filter
Resonances in a Coronal Loop Driven by Torsional Alfvén Waves Propagating from the Photosphere
Effects of external flow on resonant absorption of coronal loop kink oscillations driven by an external fast wave: Selective excitation problem
Emerging Dimming as Coronal Heating Episodes

Related Pages
MSU Solar Physics.
Max Millennium Science Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Message of the Day Mail Archive.
Max Millennium Flare Catalog

Archive Maintainer
Alisdair Davey

© 2000-2020 Solar Physics Group - Montana State University