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Magnetohydrodynamic Modeling of the Solar Eruption on 2010 April 8 View all abstracts by submitter

Bernhard Kliem   Submitted: 2014-07-11 09:00

The structure of the coronal magnetic field prior to eruptive processes and the conditions for the onset of eruption are important issues that can be addressed through studying the magnetohydrodynamic stability and evolution of nonlinear force-free field (NLFFF) models. This paper uses data-constrained NLFFF models of a solar active region that erupted on 2010 April 8 as initial condition in MHD simulations. These models, constructed with the techniques of flux rope insertion and magnetofrictional relaxation, include a stable, an approximately marginally stable, and an unstable configuration. The simulations confirm previous related results of magnetofrictional relaxation runs, in particular that stable flux rope equilibria represent key features of the observed pre-eruption coronal structure very well and that there is a limiting value of the axial flux in the rope for the existence of stable NLFFF equilibria. The specific limiting value is located within a tighter range, due to the sharper discrimination between stability and instability by the MHD description. The MHD treatment of the eruptive configuration yields very good agreement with a number of observed features like the strongly inclined initial rise path and the close temporal association between the coronal mass ejection and the onset of flare reconnection. Minor differences occur in the velocity of flare ribbon expansion and in the further evolution of the inclination; these can be eliminated through refined simulations. We suggest that the slingshot effect of horizontally bent flux in the source region of eruptions can contribute significantly to the inclination of the rise direction. Finally, we demonstrate that the onset criterion formulated in terms of a threshold value for the axial flux in the rope corresponds very well to the threshold of the torus instability in the considered active region.

Authors: B. Kliem, Y. N. Su, A. A. van Ballegooijen, & E. E. DeLuca

Publication Status: Published in ApJ 779, 129, 2013
Last Modified: 2014-07-11 14:34
Go to main E-Print page  Catastrophe versus instability for the eruption of a toroidal solar magnetic flux rope  Observations of flux rope formation prior to coronal mass ejections  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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