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The Minimum Energy Principle Applied to Parker's Coronal Braiding and Nanoflaring Scenario View all abstracts by submitter

Markus J Aschwanden   Submitted: 2018-08-15 13:25

Parker's coronal braiding and nanoflaring scenario predicts the development of tangential discontinuities and highly misaligned magnetic field lines, as a consequence of random buffeting of their footpoints due to the action of sub-photospheric convection. The increased stressing of magnetic field lines is thought to become unstable above some critical misalignment angle and to result into local magnetic reconnection events, which is generally referred to as Parker's ''nanoflaring scenario''. In this study we show that the minimum (magnetic) energy principle leads to a bifurcation of force-free field solutions for helical twist angles at |ϕ(t)| = π, which prevents the build-up of arbitrary large free energies and misalignment angles. The minimum energy principle predicts that neighbored magnetic field lines are almost parallel (with misalignment angles of Δμ approx 1.6°-1.8°), and do not reach a critical misalignment angle prone to nanoflaring. Consequently, no nanoflares are expected in the divergence-free and force-free parts of the solar corona, while they are more likely to occur in the chromosphere and transition region.

Authors: Aschwanden, M.J. and van Ballegooijen,A.A.
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Publication Status: submit. (2018 Aug 15)
Last Modified: 2018-08-27 11:22
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