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Global energetics of solar flares: VIII. The Low-Energy Cutoff View all abstracts by submitter

Markus J Aschwanden   Submitted: 2019-06-13 09:28

One of the key problems in solar flare physics is the determination of the low-energy cut-off; the value that determines the energy of nonthermal electrons and hence flare energetics. We discuss different approaches to determine the low-energy cut-off in the spectrum of accelerated electrons: (i) the total electron number model, (ii) the time-of-flight model (based on the equivalence of the time-of-flight and the collisional deflection time); (iii) the warm target model of Kontar et al. (2015), and (iv) the model of the spectral cross-over between thermal and nonthermal components. We find that the first three models are consistent with a low-energy cutoff with a mean value of ≈ 10 keV, while the cross-over model provides an upper limit for the low-energy cutoff with a mean value of ≈ 21 keV. Combining the first three models we find that the ratio of the nonthermal energy to the dissipated magnetic energy in solar flares has a mean value of qE = 0.57 ? 0.08, which is consistent with an earlier study based on the simplified approximation of the warm target model alone (qE = 0.51 ? 0.17). This study corroborates the self-consistency between three different low-energy cutoff models in the calculation of nonthermal flare energies.

Authors: Aschwanden,M.J., Kontar, E.P., and Jeffrey, N.L.S.
Projects: None

Publication Status: The Astrophysicak Journal (subm.)
Last Modified: 2019-06-15 17:38
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