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Statistical Study of GOES X-ray Quasi-Periodic Pulsations in Solar Flares View all abstracts by submitter

Laura Hayes   Submitted: 2020-04-26 19:23

Small amplitude quasi-periodic pulsations (QPPs) detected in soft X-ray emission are commonplace in many flares. To date, the underpinning processes resulting in the QPPs are unknown. In this paper, we attempt to constrain the prevalence of extit{stationary} QPPs in the largest statistical study to date, including a study of the relationship of QPP periods to the properties of the flaring active region, flare ribbons, and CME affiliation. We build upon the work of cite{inglis2016} and use a model comparison test to search for significant power in the Fourier spectra of lightcurves of the GOES 1-8~AA channel. We analyze all X-, M- and C- class flares of the past solar cycle, a total of 5519 flares, and search for periodicity in the 6-300 s timescale range. Approximately 46% of X-class, 29% of M-class and 7% of C-class flares show evidence of stationary QPPs, with periods that follow a log-normal distribution peaked at 20 s. The QPP periods were found to be independent of flare magnitude, however a positive correlation was found between QPP period and flare duration. No dependence of the QPP periods to the global active region properties was identified. A positive correlation was found between QPPs and ribbon properties including unsigned magnetic flux, ribbon area and ribbon separation distance. We found that both flares with and without an associated CME can host QPPs. Furthermore, we demonstrate that for X- and M- class flares, decay phase QPPs have statistically longer periods than impulsive phase QPPs.

Authors: Laura A. Hayes, Andrew R. Inglis, Steven Christe, Brian Dennis, Peter T. Gallagher
Projects: None

Publication Status: Accepted The Astrophysical Journal
Last Modified: 2020-04-27 10:45
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