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Correlation of the sunspot number and the waiting time distribution of solar flares, coronal mass ejections, and solar wind switchback events observed with the Parker Solar Probe View all abstracts by submitter

Markus J. Aschwanden   Submitted: 2021-06-11 12:47

Waiting-time distributions of solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) exhibit power-law-like distribution functions with slopes in the range of ατ ≈ 1.43.2, as observed in annual data sets during four solar cycles (19742012). We find a close correlation between the waiting-time power-law slope ατ and the sunspot number (SN), i.e., ατ = 1.38 + 0.01 SN. The waiting-time distribution can be fitted with a Pareto-type function of the -at form N(τ) = N0 (t0 + t) , where the offset τ0 depends on the instrumental sensitivity, the detection threshold of events, and pulse pileup effects. The time-dependent power-law slope ατ(t) of waiting-time distributions depends only on the global solar magnetic flux (quantified by the sunspot number) or flaring rate, which is not predicted by self-organized criticality or magnetohydrodynamic turbulence models. Power-law slopes of ατ ≈ 1.21.6 were also found in solar wind switchback events, as observed with the Parker Solar Probe during the solar minimum, while steeper slopes are predicted during the solar maximum. We find that the annual variability of switchback events in the heliospheric solar wind and solar flare and CME rates (originating in the photosphere and lower corona) are highly correlated.

Authors: Aschwanden, M.J. and Dudok de Wit, T.
Projects: PSP-WISPR

Publication Status: Aschwanden,M.J. and Dudok de Wit,T. 2021, ApJ 912:94
Last Modified: 2021-06-12 00:56
Go to main E-Print page  The Poissonian origin of power laws in solar flare waiting time distributions  Self-organized criticality in stellar flares  Edit Entry  Download Preprint  Submitter's Homepage Delete Entry 

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