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Using Potential Field Extrapolations to Explore the Origin of Type II Spicules View all abstracts by submitter

Vasyl Yurchyshyn   Submitted: 2023-11-17 11:51

We used 29 high resolution line of sight magnetograms (LOS) acquired with the Goode Solar Telescope (GST) in a quiet Sun area to extrapolate a series of potential field configurations and study their time variations. The study showed that there are regions that consistently exhibit changes in loop connectivity, whereas other vast areas do not show such changes. Analysis of topological features of the potential fields indicates that the photospheric footprint of the separatix between open and closed loop systems well matches the roots of rapid blue and red shifted excursions (RBEs/RREs), which are disk counterparts of type II spicules. There is a tendency for the footpoints of the observed Hα features to be co-spatial with the footpoints of the loops that most frequently change their connectivity, while the area occupied by the open fields that did not show any significant and persistent connectivity changes s void of prominent jet and spicular activity. We also detected and tracked magnetic elements using the Southwest Automatic Magnetic Identification Suite and GST magnetograms, which allowed us to construct artificial magnetograms and calculate the corresponding potential field configurations. Analysis of the artificial data showed tendencies to those found for the observed data. The present study suggests that a significant amount of chromospheric activity observed in the far wings of the Hα spectral line may be generated by reconnecting closed loop systems and canopy fields consisting of "open" field lines.

Authors: Vasyl Yurchyshyn, Anneliese Schmidt, Jiasheng Wang, Xu Yang, Eun-Kyung Lim, Wenda Cao
Projects: BBSO/NST

Publication Status: Accepted
Last Modified: 2023-11-17 15:13
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